Spherical depressions carved into stones to illustrate various astronomical patterns.
Cup marked stones are found all around the world.
"Cosmic Rock" is the largest megalithic stone on Faerie Hill. It's covered in cupmarks. Across the top and down the sides is an 18 inch high by about 20 ft wide strip of cupmarks bordered by white quartz blocks.
Using photos of the strip, I marked many of the most prominent cupmarks and transfered them onto a white background. Then I found an image of the Milky Way to compare them. Below is the left side of the strip, which appears to match the left side of the Milky Way, though it needs to be confirmed or denied by an expert. I haven't compared the rest of the strip.
The top of the megalith...
The cupmark strip [L] & the white quartz border [R - near Pippi's paw]..
Some of the cupmarks illustrated of the cupmark strip...
The Milky Way..
Left side of the Milky Way - our Sol System? There are also two drilled holes in the stone...
1.. First encounter, still mostly covered..
2.. Cleared a bit, right side view - the 'Milky Way' strip is dead center..
2b.Same photo, turned..
3.. Another view of the right side, also the most ornate side..
4.. Top view [& Pippi}..
6.. Left side view - very little sunlight..
8.. Backside view; stone in foreground being unearthed.. interesting pattern..
9.. Back view & lots of orbs..
10.. Top right vew [& Pippi & Maxine]
11. Left side view..
13.. Left side view, closeup of interesting corner, most of it still buried..
14.. White quartz strip [& Pippi]..
15.. White quartz strip..
16.. Right side close up view [& Harley]
17.. Right side view, w/ white quartz strip again, many cup marks...
18.. Top right..appears carved..
19.. Right side, the face is covered with cup marks, with white quartz blocks to the right that circle the entire stone.- shown in photos 19-23...
24..Close up of the right side covered in cup marks and bordered by white quartz blocks..
25.. Cup marks in a quartz bordered strip that wraps around the stone..
26.. More shots of the 'Milky Way' strip - 26 - 28...
29.. Two deep holes drilled into the stone on the left side of the strip..
30.. Most of the cup marks have remnants of purple garnet..
31.. Granite colors highlighted after the rain...
32... The 'Milky Way'...
From: Astronomy: Traditional Korean Science:
"The cupmarks are expressed on dolmens in a number of common patterns. In one pattern, a set of cupmarks is aligned along the edge of the cover stone. The representative example is the dolmen in Jonam-dong, Siheung-si, on which about 20 cupmarks are engraved along the southeastern edge of the cover stone. This pattern is generally interpreted as the expression of the Milky Way. The location of dolmens is closely related to streams, with dolmens being in the proximity of streams or on the slopes of hills overlooking distant streams. As the Milky Way is considered the stream of the heavens it might have been depicted in this way on dolmen cover stones."
"Many standing stones have cupmarks or less formal indentations or holes on them marking the stars or stellar constellations which they represent. Additional markings on some stones identify parameters such as ecliptic, celestial equator, circle of precession, center of heaven (north ecliptic pole, south ecliptic pole), north pole star, south pole star, cord of the fish, Milky Way and solstice and equinox points."
University of Adelaide research has for the first time statistically proven that the earliest standing stone monuments of Britain, the great circles, were constructed specifically in line with the movements of the Sun and Moon, 5000 years ago.
The research, published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, details the use of innovative 2D and 3D technology to construct quantitative tests of the patterns of alignment of the standing stones.
"Nobody before this has ever statistically determined that a single stone circle was constructed with astronomical phenomena in mind - it was all supposition," says project leader and University of Adelaide Visiting Research Fellow Dr Gail Higginbottom, who is also a Visiting Research Fellow at the Australian National University.
Examining the oldest great stone circles built in Scotland (Callanish, on the Isle of Lewis, and Stenness, Isle of Orkney -- both predating Stonehenge's standing stones by about 500 years), the researchers found a great concentration of alignments towards the Sun and Moon at different times of their cycles. And 2000 years later in Scotland, much simpler monuments were still being built that had at least one of the same astronomical alignments found at the great circles.
The stones, however, are not just connected with the Sun and the Moon. The researchers discovered a complex relationship between the alignment of the stones, the surrounding landscape and horizon, and the movements of the Sun and the Moon across that landscape.
"This research is finally proof that the ancient Britons connected the Earth to the sky with their earliest standing stones, and that this practice continued in the same way for 2000 years," says Dr Higginbottom.
Examining sites in detail, it was found that about half the sites were surrounded by one landscape pattern and the other half by the complete reverse.
"These chosen surroundings would have influenced the way the Sun and Moon were seen, particularly in the timing of their rising and setting at special times, like when the Moon appears at its most northerly position on the horizon, which only happens every 18.6 years," Dr Higginbottom says.
"For example, at 50% of the sites, the northern horizon is relatively higher and closer than the southern and the summer solstice Sun rises out of the highest peak in the north. At the other 50% of sites, the southern horizon is higher and closer than the northern, with the winter solstice Sun rising out of these highest horizons.
"These people chose to erect these great stones very precisely within the landscape and in relation to the astronomy they knew. They invested a tremendous amount of effort and work to do so. It tells us about their strong connection with their environment, and how important it must have been to them, for their culture and for their culture's survival."
The Megaliths of New England, with Hugh Newman
Boudillion Megaliths of Massachusetts
Megalithic Castles in Russia
Megaliths of the World
The Diffusionists Have Landed
Professor Barry Fell
LINKS TO MILKY WAY CARVED IN STONE:
Milky Way Lines
Milky Way Origins
Milky Way Contours
Milky Way Mythology
The Night of the Gods
Stars & Constellations
Milky Way/ Solar System
Australian Astronomical Rock
Milky Way Names the World Over
Megalithic Stones, Standing Stones
Milky Way Mythology & The Stories of Creation